Gastric Banding is a restrictive procedure because it limits the amount of food you can eat at one time. During this procedure, the gastric band is placed around the stomach, dividing it into two parts a small upper pouch and a lower stomach. The upper pouch holds about 4 ounces (1/2 cup)of food. This helps a person feel full sooner and longer than usual.
- Limits the amount of food that can be eaten at a meal
- The surgery can be reversed
- No part of the stomach or digestive system is stapled, cut, or removed: food passes through the digestive tract in the usual order, allowing it to be fully absorbed into the body
- In a clinical trial, gastric band patients lost an average of 38% of excess weight in 1 year nearly 43% in 3 years
- Shown to help resolve other condition, such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol (LDH) and obstructive sleep apnea
The following are in addition to the general risks of surgery
- Gastric perforation or tearing in the stomach wall may require additional operation
- Access port leakage or twisting may require additional operation
- May not provide the necessary feeling of satisfaction that one has had enough to eat
- Nausea and vomiting
- Outlet obstruction
- Pouch dilatation
- Band migration/slippage
Talk with your surgeon about the possible surgical risks.
The gastric banding is for adult patients, 18 years of age or older, who morbid obesity and have failed more conservative weight loss alternatives. The gastric banding is not for patients with medical condition that may put them at increased risk during or after surgery, or for patients who are unwilling to make significant changes in eating and behavior patterns. If you have a hiatus hernia, it may need to be repaired before or during the gastric banding surgery.